Oldest Cave Painting – There are many types of paintings that exist in this world, from the newest paintings to the oldest paintings in the world. Paintings are not only on display, but there are also cave paintings that were buried and found. In addition, early humans documented their life stories by painting on the walls or ceilings of caves. Curious, where is the oldest cave painting in the world? Scroll down, please!
1. Leang Tedongnge Cave, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Who would have thought, it turns out that the oldest cave paintings in the world are in Indonesia? Precisely, in the Leang Tedongnge cave in the Maros-Pangkep karst area, South Sulawesi. It is believed that this painting was made 45,500 years ago.
According to archaeologists, the Sulawesi warty pig (Sus celebensis) was painted with a deep red ocher pigment. Ocher is a natural red dye that comes from clay.
This 136 x 54 cm painting depicts a pig with warts on its horn-like face. This is a characteristic of adult male pigs. There are two handprints on the pig’s back.
2. Altamira Cave, Spain
Next is Altamira, a paleolithic cave located in Santillana del Mar, Cantabria region, northern Spain. The 270-meter-long cave was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985, reported by World History.
Inside, there are images of bison, horses, and handprints of charcoal and ocher. Because the paintings are very beautiful and of high quality, their authenticity is doubtful. They doubt that early humans could paint that artistically. It was only in 1902 that this painting was recognized for its authenticity.
Altamira Cave is divided into three parts, namely the entrance, a large room or polychrome room, and a gallery. Archaeologists suspect that early humans used to live in the entrance area because there were fireplace ashes, knives, axes, stone fragments, and the remains of animal bones.
Also Read ;Paintings That Describe Life
3. Serra da Capivara National Park, Brazil
Turning to the Serra da Capivara National Park (TN) in northeastern Brazil, there are more than 30,000 paintings in 4 different styles. It is estimated that this painting in red, yellow, white, and gray was created by the Clovis people in 23,000 BC.
Painting subjects in Serra da Capivara National Park are mostly about hunting, rituals, animals, and trees. Based on research, this area was once inhabited by hunters, gatherers, then followed by farming communities and ceramic makers, reported by Brazil Nature Tours.
FYI, Serra da Capivara National Park was founded in 1979 with an area of 129,140 hectares. Geographically, this region consists of plains, valleys, and mountains. There are several waterfalls, the most famous of which is Casca D’anta.
4. Lascaux Caves, France
Then, there is the Lascaux cave which is dubbed the “prehistoric Sistine chapel”. Researchers estimate the Lascaux cave paintings are more than 17,000 years old. This painting is located far from the entrance and can only be seen with the help of candlelight.
The most famous painting here is the ‘Great Hall of the Bulls’ which features animals such as deer, horses and bulls. In fact, one of the bull paintings is 17 feet or 5.2 meters long!